What we are missing and were surrounded by two countries with dengue (Argentina – Corrientes area mainly with indigenous dengue fever – and Brazil), a disease transmitted to humans by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is an acute febrile disease transmitted mainly in the areas the tropics, Africa and South America.
He was also known broken boness fever or vultures, their characteristics are:
* Severe pain in joints and muscles
* Swollen lymph nodes
* And in some cases skin rash
Often confused with a simple flu, because in its early symptoms are similar.
The most severe dengue is often not being properly diagnosed dengue hemorrhagic occurs, the consequences of what they generate hemorrhage, a small proportion of the experience of dengue shock syndrome (DSS) which has a high mortality rate.
Now the annoying and dangerous mosquito Aedes aegypti, decided also accompanied by another disease, yellow fever, in areas of Brazil’s border with Uruguay, principally in Bage and Aceguá appeared since the first case.
Yellow fever is also called black vomit or plague American society.
The yellow color corresponds to taking many patients because it causes jaundice.
The incubation period is 3 to 7 days and duration of illness where healing is one to two weeks.
After incubation has two clinical forms: the mild and severe or classical.
* In the mild symptoms are characterize by high fever, headache, chills, nausea, vomiting and albuminuria – implying the existence of a renal failure -. In these cases the duration is 1 to 3 days curandose smoothly.
** In class grave in 100 percent of cases occur jaundice, liver and renal insufficiency, bleeding, expulsion of blood through the mouth of black color comes from the digestive tract (hematemesis), also produces a decrease of heart rate even if the fever is very high, and dehydration. In many of these cases can lead to death or may be left with the need for sequels dialisacion due to kidney problems associated with this disease.
Some general symptoms of yellow fever to compile can be:
* Arrhythmias, heart dysfunction
* Bleeding (may progress to hemorrhage)
* Decreased urination
* Muscle aches (myalgia)
* Face, tongue and red eyes
* Vomiting blood
In both cases the transmitter is the mosquito Aedes aegypti, so the safest option to prevent both diseases but in the case of yellow fever vaccination, there is the extermination of the mosquito and not caring for their propagation.
What you can do:
* Use of mosquito nets, protective clothing, repellents
* Identifying breeding places: these are generally places where stagnant water such as old tires, pots, ponds, pools, vases, and unprotected tanks that are not cleaned regularly, in the cemeteries do not allow flowers because need water, or water is a potential danger to the proliferation of the mosquito Aedes aegypti.
* Another option is to raise fish gruppy (Poecilia reticulata) which eat the larvae of the mosquito Aedes aegypti.
At this time in the Brazil Rio Grande do Sul is living an invasion of yellow fever.
The state secretary of health, Osmar Terra, said that “there is a sudden displacement of the disease probably due to an overpopulation of mosquistos.
In that state, and 7 people have died of yellow fever, 272 cities have taken the health warning, which are applying standards of safety recommended by the World Health Organization. In St. Paul have already begun to appear cases of yellow fever.
For now in Uruguay, both with regard to dengue have been no cases of indigenous dengue, the cases that occurred were people who traveled to other countries and are infected and no yellow fever has struck.
There is actually surrounded by cases in neighboring countries the possibility to generate Uruguay in cases of either disease is feasible, we hope that the Health System and Health Security, be prepared to cope in the event of both dengue and yellow fever.
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